Create custom error pages dynamically in ruby on rails 4

The default status code templates are served by a Rack exception application. You can override this to be any Rack compatible app. To override this you need to add following line in your application.rb file.

# config/application.rb
config.exceptions_app = self.routes

Now we need to create ErrorsController:

class ErrorsController < ApplicationController
  def show
    @exception = env['action_dispatch.exception']
    render action: request.path[1..-1]

  def write_to_log_file
    if @exception.present?
      logger.error("Error occured: #{@exception.message}, Status: #{status_code}\n Time: #{}")


  def status_code
    params[:code] || 500

In show method we have added a function to write the exception to log file.

Now create templates for each status code in errors directory. I have created three template for 404.html.erb, 422.html.erb and 500.html.erb

# app/views/errors/404.html.haml
%h1 404 - Not Found

Now create route for this errors:

# config/routes.rb
 %w( 404 422 500 ).each do |code|
    get code, :to => 'errors#show', :code => code

And that’s it for dynamic error page.

Happy coding :)

Create RSS from your ruby on rails application

For one my recent project need RSS feed. So I have created myself.

This will show you how to create a RSS feed that the Feed Validator considers valid.

First create a FeedsController to host the RSS feed.

class FeedsController < ApplicationController

  layout false

  def rss
    @posts = Post.published_posts.limit(50)


Then create a view in views/feeds/rss.rss.builder for RSS.

xml.rss :version => '2.0', 'xmlns:atom' => '' do do
    xml.title 'Feed title'
    xml.description 'Feed description' root_url
    xml.language 'en'
    xml.tag! 'atom:link', :rel => 'self', :type => 'application/rss+xml', :href => posts_url

    for post in @posts
      xml.item do
        xml.title post.title
        xml.pubDate(post.created_at.rfc2822) post_url(post)
        xml.guid post_url(post)
        xml.image_url post.image_url



Create a route to the feed in config/routes.rb:

get 'feed.rss', to: 'feeds#rss', :format => 'rss'

You can get browsers to auto-detect your Rails blog rss feed with a single line of Ruby on Rails code:

<%= auto_discovery_link_tag(:rss, "") %>

That’s it.

Happy Coding :)

Mysql ‘Got error -1 from storage engine’ error

Today I got an error while updating my mysql record . I got “Mysql ‘Got error -1 from storage engine’ error” every time I try to update.

Below are the logs I found from my mysql error logs:

MySQL Error log path: /var/log/mysql/error.log

InnoDB: A new raw disk partition was initialized or
InnoDB: innodb_force_recovery is on: we do not allow
InnoDB: database modifications by the user. Shut down
InnoDB: mysqld and edit my.cnf so that newraw is replaced
InnoDB: with raw, and innodb_force_... is removed.

Finally I got solution for that. To solve this issue follow below steps.

1. Stop your mysql server

 sudo service mysql stop 

2. Set innodb_force_recovery to 0 or remove this line from /etc/mysql/my.cnf

 innodb_force_recovery = 0 

3. Start your mysql server

 sudo service mysql start 

This will solve your problem.

Happy Coding :)

The program ‘bundle’ is currently not installed

This is a common problem when you first time install a new version of ruby. To fix this problem please follow below steps:

Step one:
Set up the PATH variable for the installed ruby executable
(Suppose the installed ruby is ruby-2.1.5):

Step two:


Step three:

gem install bundler

(if bundler is not installed)

Final Step:

rvm use ruby-2.1.5 --default

(–default is optional).

This will fix your problem.

Hope it helps :)

Remove model field name in rails validation

By default rails show field name before it’s default message.

For example default rails validation:

validates_xxx_of :the_column, :message =&gt; "Please add this!" will show message "The ColumnPlease add this!"

For project purposes we need some time to add custom error messages without a field name in rails validation.

We can solve this by adding custom method in model.

In rails 2: you can do on your model:

validate :test_validation


def test_validation

In rails 3 or greater:

validate :test_validation


def test_validation
errors.add(:base, 'Message')

vi – basic commands

vi is a screen-oriented text editor originally created for the Unix operating system.

Basic commands:

To Start vi:

* vi filename Create or Edit filename starting at line 1
* vi -r filename Recover filename that was being edited 

To Exit vi:

* :x<return> Quit vi, writing out modified file to file named in original invocation
* :wq<return> Quit vi, writing out modified file to file named in original invocation
* :q<return> Quit or exit vi
* :q!<return> Quit vi even though latest changes have not 

Moving the cursor:

* j or <return> [or down-arrow] Move cursor down one line
* k[or up-arrow] Move cursor up one line
* h or<backspace> [or left-arrow]

Move cursor left one line:

* l or<space>[or right-arrow] Move cursor right one line
* 0(zero) Move cursor to start of current line(the one with the arrow)
* $ Move cursor to end of the current line
* w Move cursor to beginning of next word Basic vi commands7. b Move cursor back to beginning of preceding word
* :0<return> or 1G Move cursor to first line in file
* :n<return>or nG Move cursor to line n in file
* :$<return>or G Move cursor to last line in file

Screen Manipulation:

* ^f Move forward one screen
* ^b Move backward one screen
* ^d Move down(forward) one half screen
* ^u Move up(back)one half sreen
* ^l Redraws the screen
* ^r Redraws the screen,removing the deleted lines 

Adding,Changing,Deleting the text:

* u Undo whatever you just did(a simple toggle)

Inserting or Adding text:

* i Insert text before cursor,until<esc>hit
* I Insert text at beginning of current line,until<esc>hit
* a Append text after cursor,until<esc>hit
* A Append text to end of current line,until<esc>hit
* o Open and put text in a new line below current line,until<esc>hit
* O Open and put text in a new line above current line,until<esc>hit

Basic vi commandsChanging the text:

* r Replace single character under cursor(no <esc>needed)
* R Replace characters,starting with current cursor position,until<esc>hit
* cw Change the current word with new text,starting with the character under cursor,until<esc>hit
* cNw Change N words beginning with the character under cursor,until<esc>hit
* c change(replace)the characters in the current line,until<esc>hit
* cc change(replace)the characters in the current line,stopping when <esc>hit
* Ncc or cNc change(replace)the next N lines,starting with the current line,stopping when <esc>hit

Deleting the text:

* x Delete single character under cursor
* Nx Delete N characters, starting with character under cursor
* dw Delete the single word beginning with character under cursor
* dNw Delete N words beginning with character under cursor
* D Delete the remainder of the line,starting with current cursor position
* dd Delete entire current line
* Ndd or dNd Delete N lines beginning with the current line

Basic vi commandsCutting and pasting the text:

* yy Copy (yank,cut) the current line into buffer
* Nyy or yNy copy(yank,cut) the next N lines,including the current line, into the buffer
* p put(paste) the lines in the buffer into the text after the current line

Searching the text:

* /string Search forward for occurence of string in text
* ?string Search backward for occurence of string in text
* n Move to next occurence of search string
* N Move to next occurence of search string in opposite direction

Determining line numbers:

* :.= Returns line number of current line at bottom of screen
* := Returns the total number of lines at bottom of the screen
* ^g Provides the current line number, along with the total number of lines,in the file at the bottom of the screen

Saving and reading files:

* :r filename<return> Read file named filename and insert after current line(the line with arrow) Basic vi commands2. :w<return> Write current contents to a file named in original vi call
* :w newfile<return> Write current contents to a new file named newfile
* :12,35w smallfile<return> Write the contents of the line numbered 12 through 35 to a new file named smallfile
* :w! prevfile<return> Write current contents over a pre-existing file named prevfile

Export XML file from rails console

One of my last project I need to export XML file for automate a data entry. I follow those simple steps to generate XML file from rails console.

Here is my script to generate XML file:

require 'builder'
@schools = School.where(state_code: 'NV').order('name DESC')
    file ="#{Rails.root}/public/data.xml", 'w')

    xml = file, :indent => 2)
    xml.instruct! :xml, :version=>'1.0'

    xml.tag! 'plist' , 'version' => '1.0' do
      xml.array do
        @schools.each do |s|
          xml.dict do
            xml.key 'id'
            xml.key 'name'
            xml.key 'zip'
            xml.string s.zipcode

Happy coding :)

Command line history in ubuntu terminal

Here is few command for getting history in ubuntu terminal.

All history:


  483  cat /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 
  487  clear
  488  history
  490  which sh
  496  history 10

This will output like this. First part is the process ID and second part is command.

Get only last 10 history

 history 10

Search for history:

 history | grep nginx

483  cat /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 

Running Previous Commands:

 483  cat /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 

Hope this will help you to save time.

Happy coding :)